Bacteria that are beneficial for your gut are called probiotics and they may be found in various food products. These probiotics, apart from improving the digestive system and immune system, also play a huge role in maintaining one’s health. These days one of the commonest health hazard is obesity. There is research suggesting that the good bacteria may help in improving the body’s ability to burn fat, thereby helping overcome obesity. So with the “what are probiotics?” question answered, we need to understand how exactly probiotics help in losing weight. Read on to find out.
The gut bacteria are not balanced throughout your life, it keeps changing during different stages. These microorganisms help in digesting and absorbing nutrients from food that we eat. Our diet is the sole source of nutrition for the bacteria as well. By feeding the good guys we are actually helping ourselves. The beneficial bacteria give us a lot of health benefits. They help in fermenting some short chain fatty acids present in carbohydrates, and a part of these pass through the large intestine without being digested. However, certain bacteria in the small intestine ferment the left over carbohydrates and create nutrients and byproducts. This is how probiotics help in digesting and absorbing nutrients.
Body weight regulation and the bacteria in the gut
It is a known fact that the gut bacteria are beneficial and they also help in producing nutrients such as B vitamins and vitamin K. Apart from this, these bacteria also help in forming short chain fatty acids like butyrate by breaking down indigestible fiber. The balance of the two main families of bacteria namely bacteroidetes and firmicutes present in the gut seem to significantly affect body weight. The gut bacteria are seemingly different for people with normal weight in comparison to the overweight. The fact that the ratio of beneficial bacteria keeps changing depending on body weight could be a link in helping with weight loss or gain.
Fat absorption and probiotics
How to reduce belly fat fast? This is a question you sure have given some thought about at least once in your existence. It is possible to shrink fat using probiotics. This is achieved with a mechanism in probiotics that changes the way fat is absorbed by the body. It is considered that the Lactobacillus bacteria have the ability to prevent absorption of excessive amounts of dietary fat. Taking probiotics containing particular strains of bacteria from the lactobacillus family namely Lactobacillus gasseri will ensure your body is unable to absorb fat from the food you eat and instead the body will start utilizing fat from the stores. There are other points to be considered as well. Research has it that probiotics help with weight loss in other ways. Taking probiotics on a regular basis helps with release of a hormone called hormone GLP-1 which is seen to improve satiety and thereby you feel full quickly, this prevents overeating. Another factor is the production of protein ANGPTL4 which reduces the storage of excessive fats, thereby preventing weight gain.
Hormones, weight and probiotics
You may wonder what the relationship between hormones and probiotics could be, however there sure is a strong connection. The release of certain hormones are triggered in the presence of the beneficial bacterial in the gut. Continues intake of probiotics increases the amount of a short chain fatty acid called butyrate in the intestine. This fatty acid is connected to release of the satiety hormone called GLP-1. Insulin production is regulated with GLP-1. Blood sugar levels lowers drastically with the increase of GLP-1. This hormone is also seen to increase satiety and also reduces fat deposition. Research has found that people with a higher level of GLP-1 are in a position to burn more fat and also metabolize calories in a better way.
Inflammation and probiotics
Obesity and diabetes are often associated with inflammation. Probiotics are seen to reduce inflammation in more than one way. Butyrate which is a short chain fatty acid which is released in the intestine with regular intake of probiotics, is seen to reduce inflammation.
Chronic inflammation causes erosion of the gut lining causing endotoxemia which is the leak of molecules through the eroded gut lining. Probiotics are seen to be beneficial in healing the lining.
Acute inflammation is controlled with the creation of antimicrobial peptides caused by intake of probiotics.
When inflammation is controlled the individual has an increased metabolism which in turn helps one stay in shape.
Abdominal fat and probiotics
Certain strains of bacteria are seen to help in maintaining weight and reducing belly fat in particular. There are studies that indicate that specific strains such as Lactobacillus amylovorus or Lactobacillus fermentum are extremely beneficial in reducing abdominal fat.
Lactobacillus gasseri has been found to have had the best result on weight loss. Studies have identified that this strain of bacteria has the ability to regulate leptin levels in the body. Leptin, being the hormone responsible for maintaining hunger levels and satiety, also plays an important role in storage of fat and regulation of energy levels. It helps improve metabolism and even controls our appetite. Lactobacillus rhamnosus is yet another strain of bacteria with similar effects on weight loss. In addition to helping in losing weight, these probiotic strains also prevented further weight gain and fat accumulation according to studies.
If you are still wondering about should we take probiotic supplements, there is no reason not to. It is clearly seen that probiotics can help you abundantly. The evidence that links weight and probiotics cannot be ignored, especially now with the rate at which obesity is ruining quality of hundreds of lives. Ensure you are completely benefitted by probiotic usage by understanding how probiotics can help you lose weight.