Buddhist meditation is the practice of meditation in Buddhist philosophy which offers meditation techniques that one can practice achieving peace of mind, control negative and destructive thoughts, manage anger issues and cultivate compassion and thoughtfulness. Buddhists practice meditation as a part of their journey to enlightenment and ultimately, nirvana.
Buddhist Meditation Techniques
Following is a comprehensive list of effective Buddhist meditation techniques that you must try. You can sit in either a lotus or kneeling position or any other posture in which you are comfortable. Make sure your eyes are closed and you are sitting in a quiet and peaceful environment.
- Samatha meditation
This Buddhist meditation is designed to help you gain composure and to improve your concentration and focus. Watching your breath is the object of this meditation. It is important to choose a particular part of an object to concentrate on instead of the whole object. Imagine as though you are breathing in good quality and exhaling negative energy. Its main objective is to help you build a concentrated and stable mind which ultimately helps you in solving issues and attaining insight.
- Vipassanna meditation
This meditation involves understanding the pangs and various sensations of your different body parts.
This involves thinking of a question or a phrase of philosophical importance that is not easily solvable and which can push the mind of the meditator beyond thought. A very popular koan is ‘where do we all go after we die?”
- Metta meditation
In this Buddhist meditation process, you think about various objects to generate a feeling love and kindness. This will enable us towish others happiness and help us progress slowly towards wishing well even for our enemies.
- Meditation on the similarity of self and another
This meditation stresses on the idea that all people experience suffering and pain at some point of life and by placing ourselves in the shoes of others, we can develop feelings of compassion for each other.
- Tonglen meditation
The word “Tonglen” translates to the process of ‘giving-taking’. In this meditation, we imagine in our minds that we are taking away the sufferings of someone and giving him or her in return our happiness. The meditation teaches us to sympathise with others by giving up feelings of greed and selfishness.
- Meditation on faults of samsara
This form of meditation highlights the truth that the world we live in is full of suffering and worldly materialistic possessions such as power, fame and money, all of which cannot bring true and everlasting happiness. This practice of meditation helps us strengthen our commitment towards renunciation of worldly affairs.
- Meditation on our sacred and meaningful human life
This Buddhist meditation emphasises on the importance of human life and how we must be grateful for having received this wonderful gift.
- Meditation on equanimity
In life, we categorise people into those whom we love and those we hate. Buddha says that these categories are delusional, and we cannot put labels on situations that are never constant. People change and so does their importance in our lives. This meditation helps break down labels we put on people and helps develops love and care for all.
- Meditations on our bodily
The Buddha imparted this meditation technique to celibate monks help them curb their sexual desires and impulses and focus on the one-pointed goal of nirvana. This Buddhist meditation pays attention to the fact that our body is constituted of several elements such as blood, flesh, muscle, pus etc. By following this, we see the human body as it is without giving importance to physical beauty.