Whether you’re new to the marijuana game or have been interested in this topic for quite some time, the term, terpene is one that you should incorporate into your vocabulary.
Terpenes are the difference maker in making buds of the same strain, taste and smell different.
A good way to think about terpenes is to think of them as almost a spice mixture that you would use to add flavoring to food. The amount that you use affects the taste and the smell. To that point, its flavor profile can be taken to a whole new level when mixed or intensified by other ingredients.
But, before we take a dive into today’s subject matter let’s first go back-to-basics and uncover what cannabis terpenes are, their purpose, and to focus on its different varieties.
What are Cannabis Terpenes?
To make a long story short, cannabis terpenes are the group of fragrant essential oils that are much like the cannabinoids, THC and CBD that add to the smell of cannabis.
The aromas that are given off from the various strains of cannabis are different in nature. Just take tangerine haze for example. This strain of cannabis has subtle hints of grapefruit not only in the smell but the taste as well. Or, on the other side of the spectrum, there are stains such as Super Skunk Feminized Seeds that start off with a flowering scent which quickly turn to the skunk smell that we are familiar with.
Beyond the aromas that are associated with these cannabis flowers, terpenes are responsible for the unique characteristics and effects of the various strains of marijuana, its medicinal benefits and its ability to defend against disease and pests. All of these distinguishing characteristics are taking shape and are coming more and more to the surface.
As the spectrum of marijuana continues to widen, so too does the subject of terpenes. Due to the fact that this topic isn’t binary in nature, we are starting to see new findings from various studies put the spotlight on terpenes and their benefits.
In fact, cannabis contains up to 200 different terpenes. Despite this staggering number there are about 10 fundamental terpenes and about 20 secondary variations that are available in various concentrations.
For the sake of this blog, we’re going to focus on three of the most common variations of terpenes and their benefits.
So, now that we have a basic of understanding of what terpenes are and their function, let’s take a look at ocimene, terpinolene, and guaiol.
We’ll keep this short and sweet just like the smell of ocimene. This particular terpene is found in a variety of herbs and fruits. Shockingly enough, you can find this terpene in basil, mint, parsley, pepper and of course, cannabis.
The sweet, distinct aroma of ocimene has many layers such as its herb and woodsy undertones that make this form of terpene very unique.
But, beyond its very distinguished smell, ocimene is also known for its medicinal benefits. In fact, research has shown that ocimene is believed to have anti-inflammatory effects as well as antibacterial, antifungal and antiseptic properties as well.
Let’s move onto terpene number two, terpinolene.
Did you know that terpinolene is commonly found in herbs like sage and rosemary? In fact, it’s most frequent use in the United States is for soaps and perfumes.
That’s not a shocking revelation as the aroma of terpinolene has layers of orange and lemon as well as other floral nuances which of course makes it perfect for soaps and perfumes.
But, beyond its fragrant smell, terpinolene has also been shown to act as a central nervous system depressant that’s used to induce drowsiness or sleep as well as reduce anxiety.
This type of terpene is characterized by its piney aroma and can be found in a variety of plants like wood from cypress pine and guaiacum and acts as a strong insect repellent much like terpinolene. Guaiol also acts as an antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and has also has been shown to kill dust mites and other allergens.
As the conversation around cannabis as well as terpenes continues to take shape, more and more people are looking to get educated on these topics so that they can learn more and apply what they’ve learned to their daily lives. Because there are so many different varieties, strains and varieties of seeds, websites like Cannabis Owlhave taken the guesswork out of your decision and has made the research process much more manageable.